Greek Lesson 3



Practice the bases going from forms to meanings, and from meanings to forms.


BIBLI book

Bible, the sacred book of Christianity or of Judaism
bibliography, a list of writings used or considered by an author in preparing a work; list of the works of a specific author or publisher
bibliophile, a lover of books
bibelot, a miniature book, especially one that is finely crafted


CANON rule

canon, code of law; an established principle; a basis for judgment; a standard or criterion; books of the Bible officially accepted as Holy Scripture; works of a writer that have been accepted as authentic
-church law
-an official list
-complete works

canonical, of, relating to, or required by canon law; of or appearing in the biblical canon; conforming to orthodox rules, as of procedure
canonize, To declare (a deceased person) to be a saint and entitled to be fully honored as such; to include in the biblical canon; to treat as sacred

CRYPT, hidden, occult

crypt, an underground vault or chamber, especially one beneath a church that is used as a burial place
cryptography, process or skill of communicating in or deciphering secret writings or ciphers
cryptic, "a cryptic message," having hidden meaning; mystifying; secret or occult
apocrypha, (apo- away, from, off + hidden), The 14 books of the Septuagint included in the Vulgate but considered uncanonical by Protestants. The Roman Catholic canon accepts 11 of these books; various early Christian writings proposed as additions to the New Testament but rejected by the major canons.
apocryphal, of questionable authenticity, probably not true, not genuine
"Lincoln walked 5 mi. to return a penny."
grotto, a small cave or cavern
grotesque, characterized by ludicrous or incongruous distortion, as of appearance or manner

CYCL wheel

cycle, an interval of time during which a characteristic, often regularly repeated event or sequence of events occurs; the aggregate of traditional poems or stories organized around a central theme or hero
bicycle, two-wheeled vehicle
recycle, to extract and reuse (useful substances found in waste)
encyclopedia, (in + round + education), a reference work containing articles on a wide range of subjects
cyclops, a one-eyed monster
cyclone, a violent, rotating windstorm
cyclotron, a circular particle accelerator
cyclical, pertaining to cycles
cyclamate, salt of cyclamic acid formerly used as an artificial sweetener

GLOSS, tongue

gloss, a note of explanation; to give a note of explanation
glossary, a list of explanations
polyglot, multilingual
glottis, opening off of esophagus to lungs
epiglottis, covers windpipe when swallowing
glottal stop, a speech sound produced by a momentary complete closure of the glottis, followed by an explosive release.
(not glossy)

GRAPH- write

electrocardiograph, an instrument that generates a record of the electrical currents associated with heart muscle activity
photograph, an image, especially a positive print, recorded by a camera and reproduced on a photosensitive surface
graphic, relating to written or pictorial representation; described in vivid detail
graphite, carbon-based material, used in lead pencils, lubricants, paints, and coatings
graphology, the study of handwriting, especially when employed as a means of analyzing character

ICON image

icon, pictoral representation; image on panel; object of worship
iconoclast, one who attacks established beliefs, institutions; opposing veneration of religious images
iconography, conventional symbols associated with a subject, e.g., Mary - blue; Eve - apple, fig leaf; Devil - horns

MIM imitate

mimic, to copy or imitate so as to ridicule; to resemble closely; simulate
mimicry, the act, practice, or art of mimicking
mime, a form of ancient Greek and Roman theatrical entertainment in which familiar characters and situations were farcically portrayed on stage, often with coarse dialogue and ludicrous actions
mimeograph, a duplicator that makes copies of material from a stencil that is fitted around an inked drum
mimesis, the appearance, often caused by hysteria, of symptoms of a disease not actually present
pantomime, (all + mimic) communication by means of gesture and facial expression

OD song, poem

ode, a lyric poem
parody, a literary or artistic work that imitates the characteristic style of an author or a work for comic effect or ridicule; a funny imitation
melody, (song + sing) the leading part in a harmonic musical composition
rhapsody, Exalted or excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling in speech or writing ("stitch")
prosody, the study of the metrical structure of verse
comedy, a dramatic work that is light and often humorous or satirical in tone and that usually contains a happy resolution of the thematic conflict ("revel")
tragedy, a drama or literary work in which the main character is brought to ruin or suffers extreme sorrow; a disastrous event ("goat")


PYR fire

pyre, a heap of combustibles for burning a corpse as a funeral rite
pyromania, an uncontrollable impulse to start fires
pyrotechnics, the art of manufacturing or setting off fireworks
pyrolysis, decomposition or transformation of a compound caused by heat
empyrean, the highest reaches of heaven, believed by the ancients to be a realm of pure fire or light
empyreal, of or relating to the empyrean of ancient belief
pyretic, having to do with fever
pyrites, any of various natural metallic sulfide minerals, especially of iron


TOM cut

atom, a unit of matter, the smallest unit of an element
entomology, the scientific study of insects
tome, one of the books in a work of several volumes; a book, especially a large or scholarly one
epitome, ("cut upon") a representative or an example of a class or type; summary, abstract
anatomy, ("cut upon") the bodily structure of a plant or an animal or of any of its parts
diatom ("cut through") microscopic algae, having cell walls of silica consisting of two interlocking symmetrical valves
dichotomy, division into two parts
-ectomy, ("cut out") appendectomy, hysterectomy
-otomy, ("cut") tracheotomy, lobotomy,
(not -ostomy: opening, mouth)